|Romney to Delaplane Tour /
Photo by Linda Walcroft
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Indian Mound Cemetery, Romney, WV
Romney is in a valley along the South Branch of the Potomac River. Not only did this place it along a route from Maryland to the Shenandoah Valley, it was also near several bridges serving the B&O Railroad. Thus it changed hands many times during the Civil War.
In June 1861, the 11th Indiana under Lew Wallace chased a newly-formed Confederate force from Romney and then returned to Cumberland, Maryland. Before long Romney became the headquarters of a Confederate Cavalry unit under Col. Angus McDonald, who conducted destructive raids on the B&O Railroad. Before the Federals finally drove him out in late October, he made a stand on the high ground of the Indian Mound.