In 1861, Federal Troops entered Virginia by four primary routes:
In 1861, Virginia stretched all the way to the Ohio River. Union victories in the western part of the state resulted in West Virginia becoming a separate state, one that supported the Union. The main sites of these battles can be seen in the Kanawha Valley Tour and the Grafton to Camp Allegheny Tour.
On the Romney to Delaplane tour we explore the Northern Route in which the Union crossed the Potomac from Maryland into Western Virginia.
Dr. Poland's book The Glories of War provides a thorough description of the 1861 struggle for western Virginia.